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As a technical working group, the priorities for the ITWG include identifying requirements for nuclear forensic applications, evaluating present nuclear forensic capabilities, and recommending cooperative measures that ensure all states can respond to acts involving illicit trafficking and unauthorized possession of nuclear or other radioactive materials.
Download file Effective response to the wide range of possible radiological incidents requires the development and implementation of a national response plan.For this reason the ITWG is a working group of experts including scientists, law enforcement officers, first responders, and nuclear regulators assigned by competent national authorities, affiliated contractors, and international organizations. The working group disseminates recent progress in nuclear forensic analysis and interpretation with the broader community of technical and security professionals who can benefit from these advancements.Affiliated international partner organizations include the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), EURATOM, INTERPOL, EUROPOL, and the United Nations Interregional Crime and Justice Research Institute (UNICRI).Isotopic fractionation, enrichment of one isotope relative to another in a chemical or physical process.Two isotopes of an element are different in weight but not in gross chemical properties, which are determined by the number of electrons.As the ratio of oxygen isotopes in precipitates is sensitive to small changes in temperature at the time of deposition, measurements of polar ice cores are useful in studying climate change.
The fissile isotope uranium-235 has been separated from the more abundant, nonfissile isotope uranium-238 by exploiting the slight difference in the rates at which the gaseous hexafluorides of the two isotopes pass through a porous barrier.
This plan should describe the roles and responsibilities of the relevant national agencies involved in response to radiological incidents.
Having such a plan in place in advance of an incident, as well as regularly exercising the plan, will facilitate an effect overall response to an actual incident.
Since its inception in 1995 the ITWG has been focused on nuclear forensic best practice through the development of techniques and methods for forensic analysis of nuclear, other radioactive, and radiologically contaminated materials.
Nuclear forensics is an essential component of national and international nuclear security response plans to events involving radioactive materials diverted outside of radioactive control.
The ability to collect and preserve radiological and associated evidence as material is interdicted and conduct nuclear forensics analysis provides insights to the history and origin of nuclear material, the point of diversion, and the identity of the perpetrators.